Erosion control stormwater management Drainage
Erosion control is the practice of controlling the wind or water in order to prevent sediment from being carried away and deposited in another location. Erosion is a natural occurrence, but construction has helped speed this process up. Erosion occurs when the erosive force such as wind or water (with much help from gravity), exceeds the soil's ability to resist the erosive force. Sometimes erosion control is referred to as sediment control. Erosion control measures such as grading, retaining walls, and drains stop soil from "eroding" away. Cities and local governments control erosion with stormwater systems, but is also found in residential properties as well.
Stormwater is rainwater that doesn't soak into the ground as it flows across impervious surfaces (impenetrable coated) such as roads, driveways, etc. Stormwater management is the redirection of storm water off of streets, lawns, driveways, and other sites by drainage structures such as culvert pies, box drains, catch basins, etc. Storm water drains such as culvert pipes, allow water to flow under structures such as a road, driveway, and other obstructions to the waterflow. Storm drain systems use drainage structures to also prevent pollution, erosion, and flooding. Stormwater drains are different from sewage drains because they do not carry water to any sewer system.
Circular arch culvert pipes are the most common of these drains. These culvert pipes can be made of metal, roller compacted concrete (reinforced concrete), and other materials.
There are also box culvert pipes. These are most commonly used under large roads and railways. When looking at box culverts, they look like regular bridges when driving over them.
This culvert pipe was installed in Greensboro, Ga.
other types of Drains
click below for more info on each drain system
Storm drains according to the EPA, are the metal grates found on urban and suburban streets, most commonly on the corner of curbs and gutters to direct surface water away from streets and paved surfaces. These come in all shapes and sizes , and are found in any location if this type of stormwater management is needed.
Swales are dug in landscapes in order to create a passageway for water to run into. Sometimes river rock or larger aggregate is placed into the swale. Most of the time swells are just made of a dug out trench with vegetation such as sod.
Channel or sometimes called trough drains, are a type of floor drain. These drains have a channel or trough shape that allows surface water to be dispersed quickly for a specific area such as a patio, driveway, etc.
A catch basin is a box drain that is installed usually at the lowest point if possible to divert water. Catch basins are installed underground to catch surface water.
French drains are drains installed in gravel with a perforated pipe that redirects surface water underground. This allows the water to drain naturally.
Pop up drains are designed to "pop up" once water enters into the pipe so that the water can be let out into a certain area via what's called an emitter. These are used many times when dealing with downspouts and diverting water away from foundations too.
119 Camp Street
Loganville, Ga 30052
1141 Old Rock Rd.
Greensboro, Ga 30642
Monday - Friday: 9.00-5.00
Saturday: 9.00-1.00 (apt only)